The study of cardiovascular risk in adolescents – ERICA: rationale, design and sample characteristics of a national survey examining cardiovascular risk factor profile in Brazilian adolescents

dc.contributor.authorBlock, Katia Vergetti
dc.contributor.authorSzklo, Moyses
dc.contributor.authorAzevedo, Gabriela de
dc.contributor.authorBarufaldi, Laura Augusta
dc.contributor.authorMagliano, Erika da Silva
dc.contributor.authorSilva, Thiago Luiz Nogueira da
dc.contributor.authorKuschnir, Maria Cristina C
dc.contributor.authorKlein, Carlos Henrique
dc.contributor.authorFigueiredo, Valeska C
dc.contributor.authorVasconcelos, Mauricio TL
dc.contributor.authorVeiga, Glória Valéria da
dc.contributor.authorDias, Adriano
dc.contributor.authorMoraes, Ana Julia Pantoja
dc.contributor.authorSouza, Ana Luiza Lima
dc.contributor.authorOliveira, Ana Mayra Andrade de
dc.contributor.authorSchaan, Beatriz D’Agord
dc.contributor.authorTavares, Bruno Mendes
dc.contributor.authorOliveira, Cecília Lacroix de
dc.contributor.authorCunha, Cristiane de Freitas
dc.contributor.authorGiannini, Denise Tavares
dc.contributor.authorBelfort, Dilson Rodrigues
dc.contributor.authorRibas, Dulce Lopes Barboza
dc.contributor.authorSantos, Eduardo Lima
dc.contributor.authorLeon, Elisa Brosina
dc.contributor.authorBorges, Ana Luiza Vilela
dc.contributor.authorFujimori, Elizabeth
dc.contributor.authorOliveira, Elizabete Regina Araújo
dc.contributor.authorVasconcelos, Francisco de Assis Guedes
dc.contributor.authorAzevedo, George Dantas
dc.contributor.authorBrunken, Gisela Soares
dc.contributor.authorDias, Glauber Monteiro
dc.contributor.authorCorrea Filho, Heleno R
dc.contributor.authorMonteiro, Maria Inês
dc.contributor.authorGuimarães, Isabel Cristina Britto
dc.contributor.authorFaria Neto, José Rocha
dc.contributor.authorOliveira, Juliana Souza
dc.contributor.authorCarvalho, Kenia Mara B de
dc.contributor.authorGonçalves, Luiz Gonzaga de Oliveira
dc.contributor.authorSantos, Marize M
dc.contributor.authorMuniz, Pascoal Torres
dc.contributor.authorJardim, Paulo César B Veiga
dc.contributor.authorFerreira, Pedro Antônio Muniz
dc.contributor.authorMontenegro, Renan Magalhães
dc.contributor.authorGurgel, Ricardo Queiroz
dc.contributor.authorVianna, Rodrigo Pinheiro
dc.contributor.authorVasconcelos, Sandra Mary
dc.contributor.authorMatta, Sandro Silva da
dc.contributor.authorMartins, Stella Maris Seixas
dc.contributor.authorGoldberg, Tamara Beres Lederer
dc.description.abstractBackground The Study of Cardiovascular Risk in Adolescents (Portuguese acronym, “ERICA”) is a multicenter, school-based country-wide cross-sectional study funded by the Brazilian Ministry of Health, which aims at estimating the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors, including those included in the definition of the metabolic syndrome, in a random sample of adolescents aged 12 to 17 years in Brazilian cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants. Approximately 85,000 students were assessed in public and private schools. Brazil is a continental country with a heterogeneous population of 190 million living in its five main geographic regions (North, Northeast, Midwest, South and Southeast). ERICA is a pioneering study that will assess the prevalence rates of cardiovascular risk factors in Brazilian adolescents using a sample with national and regional representativeness. This paper describes the rationale, design and procedures of ERICA. Methods/Design Participants answered a self-administered questionnaire using an electronic device, in order to obtain information on demographic and lifestyle characteristics, including physical activity, smoking, alcohol intake, sleeping hours, common mental disorders and reproductive and oral health. Dietary intake was assessed using a 24-hour dietary recall. Anthropometric measures (weight, height and waist circumference) and blood pressure were also be measured. Blood was collected from a subsample of approximately 44,000 adolescents for measurements of fasting glucose, total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, triglycerides, glycated hemoglobin and fasting insulin. Discussion The study findings will be instrumental to the development of public policies aiming at the prevention of obesity, atherosclerotic diseases and diabetes in an adolescent population.en
dc.identifier.citationBlock Katia Vergetti, Szklo Moyses, Azevedo Gabriela de, Barufaldi Laura Augusta, Magliano Erika da Silva, Silva Thiago Luiz Nogueira da et al. The study of cardiovascular risk in adolescents – ERICA: rationale, design and sample characteristics of a national survey examining cardiovascular risk factor profile in Brazilian adolescents. BMC Public Health. 2015;15:94. Doi: 10.1186/s12889-015-1442-x.
dc.identifier.otherDOI: 10.1186/s12889-015-1442-x
dc.publisherBMC Public Health
dc.subjectCardiovascular diseasesen
dc.subjectMetabolic syndrome Xen
dc.subject.meshUrban Populationen
dc.subject.meshSocioeconomic Factorsen
dc.subject.meshSmoking / epidemiologyen
dc.subject.meshRisk Factorsen
dc.subject.meshResidence Characteristicsen
dc.subject.meshResearch Designen
dc.subject.meshObesity / epidemiologyen
dc.subject.meshMetabolic Syndrome / epidemiologyen
dc.subject.meshLipids / blooden
dc.subject.meshLife Styleen
dc.subject.meshHealth Behavioren
dc.subject.meshDiabetes Mellitus / epidemiologyen
dc.subject.meshCross-Sectional Studiesen
dc.subject.meshCardiovascular Diseases / epidemiologyen
dc.subject.meshBrazil / epidemiologyen
dc.subject.meshBody Weights and Measuresen
dc.subject.meshBlood Pressureen
dc.subject.meshBlood Glucoseen
dc.titleThe study of cardiovascular risk in adolescents – ERICA: rationale, design and sample characteristics of a national survey examining cardiovascular risk factor profile in Brazilian adolescentsen
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